HIR vs HIA See Comparison Diagram above. HIA is a tool used to help inform decision makers about the health impacts of proposed policies, programs, or projects and identify solutions to reduce any negative health effects and optimize beneficial health outcomes. HIAs examines social, economic and environmental influences and brings together important community members and stakeholders to help build consensus and represent the affected community. The systematic process typically involves six steps and uses a variety of data sources, including input from stakeholders and community members. HIAs can take 12 to 24 months to complete.
The HIR is comparable to the HIA as they are both used to provide a health lens on proposals to identify their health impact. HIRs require less time than a HIA and thus require less resources. The HIR does not include recommendations like the HIA, but provides factual information that will better inform the plan, project or policy of potential health impacts.
HIRs are a rapid and scalable tool that can broadly cover various topics and sectors, and can adapt to the timeframe given by the partners. Additional services can be provided with additional funding and time
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